The assertion by Van Rijckerghem and Weder(2001) that there is an inverse relationship between the level of public sector wages and the incidence of corruption may not be a universal fact all the time. There are other civil/public workers who are paid low yet they maintain high sense of reputation and dignity to be incorruptible no matter the borders on morality and for corruption to be controlled or eliminated it starts with the individuals in the society to say enough is enough with corruption and resolve to transform their lives for the better to erase that canker. In other words control of corruption starts first with the individual in the society.
Canada: there is no general rule on the deductibility or non-deductibility of kickbacks and bribes. Hence the rule is that necessary expenses for obtaining the income (contract) are deductible. Payments to members of the public service and domestic administration of justice, to officers and employees and those charged with the collection of fees, entrance fees etc. for the purpose to entice the recipient to the violation of his official duties, can not be abated as business expenses as well as illegal payments according to the Criminal Code.
Akbar S. Ahmed is a professor of comparative and regional studies and professor of international relations at American University in Washington, ., where he holds the Ibn Khaldun Chair of Islamic Studies. He has advised world leaders on Islam and was formerly High Commissioner of Pakistan to Great Britain. He has engaged in public dialogues with Judea Pearl, father of slain Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl, in the . and abroad. Ahmed has written widely and is a frequent television commentator on Islam. He is author of Islam Under Siege: Living Dangerously in a Post-Honor World . He also undertook a yearlong “anthropological journey” across America with a team of students studying American diversity. The journey has been documented via blog .