Citing direct quotes in a research paper

Sometimes the article “ The ” is used as part of the name of a company or magazine or journal for emphasis, ., The Champ , or The Sports Network . For Internet sites, use the URL as a guide. If “ theyellowpages ” is used in the URL, treat “ The ” as part of the title, and list “ The Yellow Pages ” alphabetically under “ The “. If “ edge ” and not “ theedge ” is used in the URL, list the magazine title “ The Edge ” under “ Edge ” and treat “ The ” as an article and ignore it.

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by Jeff Hume-Pratuch

Dear Style Expert,

My professor said that if I express my own opinion in a paper, I have to cite myself in text. Do I have to put myself in the reference list too, or is it more like a personal communication? It seems kind of odd to be citing a communication with yourself.
—Irene

Dear Irene,

Although it’s a basic principle of scientific writing that “researchers . . give credit where credit is due” ( APA Publication Manual, 6th ed., p. 15) when they use the words and ideas of others , it’s really not necessary to cite yourself as the source of your own opinion. After all, your name is on the title page.

Your professor may be trying to encourage you to distinguish your opinions from conclusions you have drawn on the basis of empirical evidence. Generally, however, authors indicate their opinions by introducing them with a phrase such as “In my opinion,” “I think,” or “I believe.” (And yes, it’s perfectly OK to use first-person pronouns for this purpose in APA Style.)

In short, citing yourself as an authority on your own opinion is just not done in APA Style—or any form of serious communication. (Just ask Bob Dole. )

Hope this helps,

Jeff

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Citing direct quotes in a research paper

citing direct quotes in a research paper

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