Anna lysyanskaya phd thesis

Entering a PIN code to activate the smart card commonly requires a numeric keypad . Some card readers have their own numeric keypad. This is safer than using a card reader integrated into a PC, and then entering the PIN using that computer's keyboard. Readers with a numeric keypad are meant to circumvent the eavesdropping threat where the computer might be running a keystroke logger , potentially compromising the PIN code. Specialized card readers are also less vulnerable to tampering with their software or hardware and are often EAL3 certified.

Anna lysyanskaya phd thesis

anna lysyanskaya phd thesis

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anna lysyanskaya phd thesisanna lysyanskaya phd thesisanna lysyanskaya phd thesis