The white men do not scalp the head; but they do worse-they poison the heart.. . Farewell, my nation! .. Farewell to Black Hawk. Black Hawk's bitterness may have come in part from the way he was captured. Without enough support to hold out against the white troops, with his men starving, hunted, pursued across the Mississippi, Black Hawk raised the white flag. The American commander later explained: "As we neared them they raised a white flag and endeavored to decoy us, but we were a little too old for them." The soldiers fired, killing women and children as well as warriors. Black Hawk fled; he was pursued and captured by Sioux in the hire of the army. A government agent told the Sac and Fox Indians: "Our Great Father .. will forbear no longer. He has tried to reclaim them, and they grow worse. He is resolved to sweep them from the face of the earth... If they cannot be made good they must be killed."